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What's left of the UN Climate Change Madrid Conference

发布时间:2019年12月17日09:39 Source: Xinhuanet Release time: December 17, 2019 09:39
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Xinhua News Agency, Madrid, December 15th: News analysis: what is left of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Madrid

Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Jiawei and Ren Ke Feng Junwei

The United Nations Climate Change Conference, which was about two days longer than originally planned, ended in Madrid on the 15th. Despite lengthy and difficult negotiations, the conference did not produce exciting results.

The "Chile-Madrid Moment of Action" document adopted by the current conference pointed out that there is "urgent need" for all parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming. However, the conference failed to reach a consensus on the core issue, the implementation details of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, and related issues could only be left for the next climate conference to continue negotiations. This result disappointed many people, but the participants expressed their willingness to make progress on related issues next year.

"Core Task" Not Completed

The conference was originally planned to be held from the 2nd to the 13th, but was closed until the 15th. During the discussion, topics such as inventory, adaptation, climate funding, technology transfer and capacity building, and support were discussed by 2020. Negotiations on Article 6 of the Paris Agreement are the core tasks of the current conference. Article 6 deals with carbon market mechanisms and cooperation. The implementation of relevant content will help promote the continuous participation of the public and private sectors in climate mitigation actions.

Both UN Secretary-General Guterres and President of the General Assembly and Chilean Environment Minister Carolina Schmidt urged in the General Assembly speech to complete the negotiation of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement as soon as possible. However, due to the complexity of Article 6, the representatives could not reach a consensus until the conference was closed more than 40 hours later than originally planned.

Guterres expressed "disappointment" over the outcome of this round of negotiations. In a statement released on the 15th, he said that the international community has lost an important opportunity to deal with the climate crisis. But he also emphasized: "We should not give up, and I will not give up."

Zhao Yingmin, head of the Chinese delegation and deputy minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, said that the Chinese delegation has always played an active and constructive role during the conference, although the conference failed to reach consensus on the core negotiations of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. Opinions, but China will continue to push the parties concerned to reach an early consensus.

Li Gao, deputy head of the Chinese delegation and director of the Climate Change Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, said in an interview with Xinhua News Agency: "This session of the General Assembly did not reach agreement on Article 6 of the Paris Agreement and implement the Paris Agreement. It has a certain impact, but this carbon market mechanism is only one part of it. There is no market mechanism. Now each country is also acting on its own. It can be said to have an impact, but it is not an insurmountable impact. "

"Urgently needed" to slow emissions

In addition to Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, there are also major differences between developed and developing countries on issues such as emission reduction responsibilities and funding arrangements.

The "Chile-Madrid Moment of Action" document adopted by the General Assembly pointed out that the parties "urgently need" to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming in order to achieve the temperature control targets set in the landmark Paris Agreement. However, the declaration did not mention how to narrow the gap between temperature control targets and current countries' commitments to reduce emissions, and how to implement "common but differentiated responsibilities."

The Paris Agreement reached in 2015 proposed that all parties will strengthen their response to the threat of climate change, control the increase in global average temperature from pre-industrial levels to within 2 degrees Celsius, and work hard to control the temperature rise to within 1.5 degrees Celsius.

However, the new edition of the “Emissions Gap Report” released by the United Nations Environment Programme before the current climate conference pointed out that even if the national voluntary emission reduction contributions submitted by countries under the current Paris Agreement are fulfilled, the global temperature may still rise by 3.2 degrees Celsius. To a wider and more destructive climate impact. The report believes that in the short term, due to fairness and justice, developed countries must implement emission reductions faster than developing countries, and call on all countries to make more contributions to achieve the combined effect.

The "China's Policies and Actions on Climate Change 2019 Annual Report" released by the Chinese Ministry of Ecology and Environment before the conference also pointed out that the biggest problem facing the current climate multilateral process is the lack of political will to provide support to developed countries. China urges developed countries to provide developing countries with sufficient, continuous and timely support in a transparent, predictable, and public funding-based manner, including fulfilling the commitment of providing 100 billion US dollars in climate funding to developing countries annually by 2020 ; Put forward a new collective quantitative funding goal starting at $ 100 billion as soon as possible, including a detailed roadmap and timetable.

"More determined" looking forward to next year

Although this conference did not reach consensus on the negotiation of core topics, all parties still have high hopes for the global climate governance system, hoping to make progress at the new United Nations Climate Change Conference next year in Glasgow.

Guterres said in a statement issued after the meeting that, despite disappointment at the meeting ’s results, he was “more determined than before” to make countries promise to do what science points out in 2020, with a view to achieving carbon in 2050 And waiting for the goal.

Regarding the issues that were not resolved at this conference, Li Gao said: "Although this conference did not reach agreement on Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, the parties expressed an open attitude and were willing to further discuss this."

Some positive factors may emerge next year. For example, Li Gao said that many countries will report on the progress of implementing national independent contributions next year and issue low-emission development strategies in the middle of this century, which will further consolidate or strengthen the global efforts to combat climate change.

However, in the negotiations next year, the developed countries still need to demonstrate their political will. In particular, they must consider how to provide more support for developing countries to adapt to climate change through mechanisms. At the same time, they must fully respect the independent contributions of developing countries to find solutions. Program.

(Source: Xinhuanet Chief Editor: Wang Jingtao)

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