I. Department Introduction
China Meteorological Administration is a public institution directly under the State Council. Its predecessor was the Central Military Commission Meteorological Bureau, which was established in December 1949. After being changed from a state-owned institution to a state-owned institution in 1994, it was authorized by the State Council to assume government administrative functions for national meteorological work, and to organize and manage national meteorological work. The national meteorological department implements unified leadership, hierarchical management, dual leadership of the meteorological department and the local people's government, and a management system based on the leadership of the meteorological department. China's meteorological undertaking is a science-based and basic social public welfare undertaking. It adheres to the development philosophy of "public meteorology, safety meteorology, and resource meteorology", and adheres to the service tenet of "people-oriented, meticulous and omnipresent". On January 1, 2000, the "Meteorological Law of the People's Republic of China" came into effect, after which the "Regulations on the Management of Artificial Weather", the "Measures for the Protection of Environment and Facilities for Meteorological Surveys", "The Measures for the Management of Lightning Disasters and Mitigation", and "The Launch of Balloons" Administrative Measures and other administrative regulations and departmental regulations.
China has preliminarily formed a modern integrated atmospheric observation system that combines space-based, space-based and ground-based, complete categories, and reasonable layout; it basically consists of weather forecast, climate prediction, weather modification, drought monitoring and forecasting, and lightning protection. Meteorological service system composed of agricultural meteorology and ecology, climate resource development and utilization, etc., the field of meteorological services involves industry, agriculture, fishery, commerce, energy, transportation, transportation, construction, forestry, water conservancy, land and resources, marine, salt, environmental protection , Tourism, aviation, post and telecommunications, insurance, fire protection and other industries and departments. In recent years, with the development of science and technology and economic and social development, atmospheric composition analysis and early warning and forecasting, space weather early warning, sandstorm weather monitoring and forecasting, lightning protection device detection and engineering professional design, health and medical meteorology, and emergency public emergency response Weather protection services and services have also developed rapidly. At present, meteorological services have basically covered all areas of national economic construction, social development and national security, and the socio-economic benefit input-output ratio of meteorological services has reached 1:40.
China has formed a basic research system for meteorological science and technology, a high-tech research and application development research system. The China Meteorological Administration has the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, the Beijing Institute of Urban Meteorology of the China Meteorological Administration, the Shenyang Institute of Atmospheric Environment of the China Meteorological Administration, the Wuhan Heavy Rain Research Institute of the China Meteorological Administration, the Shanghai Typhoon Research Institute of the China Meteorological Administration, and the Guangzhou Tropical Ocean Nine national scientific research institutes, including the Institute of Meteorology, Chengdu Plateau Meteorological Research Institute of China Meteorological Administration, Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology of China Meteorological Administration, and Urumqi Desert Meteorology Research Institute of China Meteorological Administration. In 2004, the Ministry of Science and Technology approved the establishment of the State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather by the China Meteorological Administration. The China Meteorological Administration was one of the first departments in China to carry out reform of public welfare scientific research institutes, and passed the acceptance of the reform of national public welfare scientific research institutes, and initially formed a new type of meteorological science and technology innovation system. The China Meteorological Administration is the domestic lead unit of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and has carried out a series of studies on the science, impacts and countermeasures of climate change.
China adheres to an independent diplomatic policy, and actively engages in multilateral and bilateral meteorological science and technology cooperation with international organizations, countries and regions around its national political, economic, scientific and technological and diplomatic strategies. It has conducted bilateral meteorological science and technology cooperation and cooperation with more than 160 countries and regions. Exchanges, signed meteorological science and technology cooperation agreements with 21 countries, and provided equipment and technical assistance to more than 70 developing countries. More than 350 meteorological directors and senior officials from more than 120 countries and regions came to China for inspection. China is a member of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). Since 1973, the director of the China Meteorological Administration has been a member of the Executive Board of the World Meteorological Organization. In 1983, Zou Jingmeng, the director of the China Meteorological Administration, was elected as the second vice chairman of the WMO. In 1987, he was elected as the chairman and re-elected in 1991. In 2001, Chinese officials served as assistant secretary-generals in the WMO Secretariat, and in 2004 he served as WMO deputy secretary-general. China's National Meteorological Center is one of the WMO regional professional meteorological centers, which undertakes weather forecasting services in Asia and the Pacific. China's National Meteorological Information Center is one of the regional communication hubs of the WMO Global Meteorological Telecommunication System and participates in the exchange of global meteorological observation data. Since the 1980s, China has actively participated in international activities on global warming and climate change. Chinese scientists have long served as co-chairs of the first working group of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Sustainable development has played an important role. Chinese scientists also actively participate in WMO and Typhoon Committee activities in various fields and related international research programs.
Institutional setup and main responsibilities
Internal organizations of China Meteorological Administration: Office, Emergency Disaster Reduction and Public Service Department, Forecasting and Networking Department, Comprehensive Observation Department, Science and Technology and Climate Change Department, Planning and Finance Department, Personnel Department, Policy and Regulation Department, International Cooperation Department, Party Committee of Direct Organs, Audit room, office of retired cadres.
The main duties of the China Meteorological Administration are:
(1) To formulate guidelines, policies, laws and regulations, development strategies and long-term plans for meteorological work; to formulate and publish rules, regulations, technical standards and specifications for meteorological work and to supervise implementation; to undertake administrative law enforcement and administrative reconsideration work.
(2) Organize the formulation and implementation of meteorological disaster prevention plans, participate in government meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation decisions, organize and guide meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation; organize the preparation of national meteorological disaster emergency plans, organize meteorological disaster prevention and emergency management; organize meteorological disaster monitoring and early warning, and Construction of information release system, responsible for monitoring and early warning of meteorological disasters and information release; undertaking the release of national early warning information on major public emergency events; responsible for meteorological support for major events and emergency public events; Meteorological joint defense and major meteorological support; organize meteorological disaster risk surveys, risk zoning, and risk assessment; organize meteorological services for national key projects, major regional economic development projects, and urban and rural construction; and manage artificial weather influence.
(3) Implement industry management for meteorological agencies established by other departments of the State Council, uniformly plan the development and layout of land, rivers, lakes and marine meteorological observations, meteorological stations and networks, meteorological infrastructure and large-scale meteorological technical equipment, and review meteorological information collection Quality assessment methods for transmission, processing, and supervision of implementation; organize meteorological technical equipment support and quality supervision, meteorological metrology supervision, and review the national large and medium-sized meteorological project approvals and programs.
(4) To manage the issuance of meteorological information and warnings for terrestrial, rivers, lakes, and seas across the country, short-term climate predictions, space weather disaster monitoring and forecasting, urban environmental meteorological forecasts, fire danger meteorological grade forecasts, and release of climate impact assessments; organize demonstrations and review atmospheric environmental impacts Evaluation.
(5) Organize scientific work related to climate change; organize comprehensive surveys and divisions of climate resources to guide the development, utilization and protection of climate resources; organize and review demonstrations of meteorological conditions for key national construction projects, major regional economic development projects, and urban and rural construction plans .
(6) Organize and guide the reform of the scientific and technological system of the meteorological department, organize the promotion and application of major scientific research and achievements in the field of meteorology, coordinate the development of meteorological science and technology, technical cooperation and technical promotion; organize the promotion and popularization of meteorological scientific knowledge, and improve the meteorological disaster prevention and reduction Climate resource awareness.
(7) To manage foreign affairs in meteorology, participate in the activities of the World Meteorological Organization and other international meteorological agencies on behalf of our government, and carry out cooperation and exchanges with foreign government (regional) meteorological agencies.
(8) Unified leadership of the work of the national meteorological department; the China Meteorological Administration shall mainly manage the planning and finance, organization establishment, personnel and labor, team building, education and training and business construction of the provincial meteorological department; and guide the development of local meteorological services.
(9) To assist the local people's government in guiding the ideological and political work and spiritual civilization of the local meteorological staff.
(10) To undertake other matters assigned by the State Council.
The main direct units of the China Meteorological Administration: National Meteorological Center (Central Meteorological Station), National Climate Center, National Satellite Meteorological Center (National Space Weather Monitoring and Warning Center), National Meteorological Information Center, Meteorological Detection Center, Public Meteorological Service Center, China Meteorological Science Research Institute, Asset Management Affairs Center, Meteorological Cadre Training Institute, Organ Service Center, Meteorological Propaganda and Science Popularization Center, China Meteorological News Agency, Meteorological Press, Secretariat of Meteorological Society, Huafeng Meteorological Media Group Co., Ltd., China Huayun Meteorological Technology Group the company.
The National Meteorological Department (excluding Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan regions) currently has 31 provincial (autonomous region, city) meteorological bureaus, 330 prefecture (city, state, league) meteorological bureaus, and 2170 county (city, flag) meteorological bureaus. Meteorological observatories in 382 countries, provinces, and regions, and 2424 meteorological observatories (among which, there are 1195 hard weather stations, accounting for about 49%).
There are 109,388 employees in the National Meteorological Department, including 72,834 in-service employees, 36,554 retired employees, 9 academicians of the two academies, 26 doctoral supervisors, and 4,415 senior technical titles.
Address: 46 Zhongguancun South Street, Haidian District, Beijing
Postal code: 100081
Phone: 010-68406114 (switchboard)