The main tasks of the 2016 National Conference of Meteorological Directors are to conscientiously implement the spirit of the 18th CPC National Congress, the 3rd, 4th, and 5th Plenary Sessions of the 18th Central Committee and the spirit of important speeches by General Secretary Xi Jinping, as well as important meetings such as the Central Economic Work Conference Spirit, reviewing the meteorological work in 2015, summarizing the meteorological development during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", planning the meteorological reform and development tasks during the "13th Five-Year Plan", and deploying the 2016 meteorological work.
I. Meteorological work in 2015 and the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan"
In 2015, the national meteorological department focused on advancing the modernization of meteorology, highlighting innovations, focusing on reform, strengthening the rule of law, conscientiously doing a good job of all tasks, and successfully completing the tasks for the whole year. At the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, General Secretary Xi Jinping fully affirmed the establishment and strengthening of the release of emergency warning information by the National Early Warning Information Release Center. Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Zhang Gaoli and other central leading comrades made important instructions on meteorological work and fully affirmed the achievements and effectiveness of the work. Leading comrades such as Zhang Gaoli and Wang Yang visited the China Meteorological Administration and the Nagqu Meteorological Department of Tibet, respectively. The majority of meteorological staff were deeply encouraged and encouraged.
First, the meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation service guarantee is strong. Meteorological forecast water has been increasing steadily. The 24-hour temperature forecast, typhoon track forecast and flood season precipitation forecast score are the highest in recent years. The meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation organization system and working mechanism have been continuously improved, and a major meteorological disaster suspended and suspended emergency response system based on early warning signals has been initially established. With the support of the State Council's Emergency Management Office, and with the approval of the Central Compilation Office, the National Early Warning Information Dissemination Center was established and operated. The first batch of 8 departments' 27 types of disaster early warning information were launched online, and the ability to issue emergency early warning information was strengthened. For the first time, it jointly issued a flash flood warning with the Ministry of Water Resources in a CCTV newscast weather forecast program, and jointly forecasted 452 geological disasters with the Ministry of Land and Resources to avoid more than 20,000 casualties. We have successfully guaranteed major events such as the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People ’s Anti-Japanese War and the World Anti-Fascist War and the bid for the Winter Olympics. We will make every effort to deal with meteorological disasters such as typhoons, local floods, droughts in winter and spring, droughts in summer, and large-scale haze, and promptly respond to major social concerns. We will earnestly perform emergency weather protection services such as the investigation of the sinking incident of the "Eastern Star" passenger ship, the rescue and disposal of particularly serious fire and explosion accidents in Tianjin Port, and the earthquake relief in the case of a major earthquake in Nepal. Urban meteorological services are integrated into the local public service system, including the construction of smart cities, grid-based management, and comprehensive disaster prevention and reduction demonstration communities. Meteorological support for agriculture and agriculture has been strengthened, and the effects of the special demonstration of the "three rural" services provided by the central finance have further emerged. New progress has been made in integrating meteorological services for agricultural services into the agricultural socialized service system. The number of "straight-through" meteorological service objects for new-type agricultural operators reached 842,000, and more sophisticated meteorological services were provided for characteristic agriculture, facility agriculture, and ecological agriculture. Various regions are actively piloting the exploration of the application of new technologies such as mobile internet, big data, and the Internet of Things to agricultural services for meteorology, creating a new model of “crowdsourcing” service with the participation of multiple subjects. The eight pilot provinces have cultivated a total of 201 enterprises and 215 societies. Organized and promoted the social development of meteorological services for agriculture. The accuracy rate of China's total grain output forecast for the whole year was 99.6%. The coverage and satisfaction of public weather services continued to improve. Meteorological service products are refined to neighborhoods and villages, and preliminary personalized services based on user location have been initially realized. Promote meteorological information into schools, into rural areas, into communities, into construction sites, and into enterprises and institutions. The China Meteorological Channel covers 430 million people, an increase of 100 million from last year. The official Weibo of the meteorological department has entered the top 100 government microblogs based on WeChat. The weather information service of mobile APP is widely used. Satisfaction with public weather services reached 87.3 points, an increase of 1.5 points over 2014. The popularity rate of meteorological science knowledge across the country reached 71.9%. The national-level human figure integrated business command system was put into commercial operation, with 1,006 aircraft rain (snow) operations, 51,000 ground rain and hail prevention operations, and an increase of 50.2 billion tons of precipitation.
The second is to strengthen the ability to support climate change and provide services for ecological civilization. We will conscientiously organize scientific research on climate change detection and attribution, data monitoring, and actively participate in national responses to climate change. We have successfully completed tasks such as the election of new bureau members of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and negotiations on the Paris Climate Change Conference. The National Committee of Experts on Climate Change provides decision-making support for the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on key internal and foreign issues such as carbon dioxide peaks. The third national climate change assessment report, China's national report on extreme weather climate events and disaster risk management and adaptation, and the annual China Climate Bulletin, Green Paper on Climate Change, China Climate Change Monitoring Bulletin, and Greenhouse Gas Bulletin were released. 724 climate feasibility demonstrations for major projects were completed. Complete the assessment of photovoltaic power resources in poor counties across the country. Strengthen environmental weather forecasting and early warning, and jointly announce with the Ministry of Environmental Protection for the first time a severe pollution weather forecast on CCTV, improve the static weather index and other evaluation indicators, and carry out quantitative assessment services for the atmospheric pollution spreading meteorological conditions and pollution reduction effects.
Third, the progress of meteorological modernization is obvious. The National Outline for the Development of Meteorological Modernization (2015-2030) was issued, and the indicator system and evaluation methods were improved. Developed quantitative meteorological disaster risk assessment and refined forecasting service technology oriented to the individual needs of users. The public meteorological service product system of “one-level deployment, two-level application, and multi-party sharing” was put into operation. The 7th National Meteorological Forecasting Work Conference was held to clarify the seamless, precise and intelligent development direction of modern weather forecasting business. The GRAPES global numerical weather model independently developed by China has passed commercial review, and significant progress has been made in the development and application of regional high-resolution numerical forecast models. The weather forecast is refined to townships, the climate forecast is refined to counties, and a seamless intensive forecasting system from weather to climate scale is basically formed. The national-provincial-city-county four-level meteorological disaster real-time monitoring and short-term warning capabilities have been significantly enhanced. The National Space Weather Station was established. The "Fengyun-2" G star was put into operation, and a new-generation weather radar dual-polarization technology transformation was launched. The degree of automation, standardization, and intensiveness of the integrated observation system was significantly improved. The National Meteorological Science and Technology Innovation Project was implemented, and a team of internal and external forces was formed to establish a research team. Three key laboratories were established with Tsinghua University and Nanjing University, and joint research centers were established in Nanjing and Shanghai. The Meteorological Informatization Action Plan (2015-2016) was issued to promote the commercialization of the National Comprehensive Meteorological Information Sharing Platform (CIMISS) and strengthen the construction of the standard system of meteorological informatization. The national-provincial level has prepared and implemented the informationization implementation plan Intensive resource integration and pre-research on meteorological informatization "Jinyun" engineering technology. In-depth implementation of the talent project, adding 1 academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 13 national talent projects, 27 "double hundred talents". 195 national training sessions were held to complete the rotation training of all city-level forecasters. In conjunction with the Ministry of Education, the Guiding Opinions on Strengthening the Training of Meteorological Talents were jointly issued and a Meteorological Talent Training Alliance was formed. Improve the cooperation mechanism between provinces and ministries, and gradually form a government-led, departmental cooperation to promote the modernization of meteorological modernization. Shanghai, Guangdong and other meteorological modernization pilots have achieved remarkable results, and Guangdong has basically achieved meteorological modernization. Meteorological modernization pilots in central and western regions such as Henan and Shaanxi have made good progress. Grass-roots meteorological modernization has been further improved. The level of modernization of meteorological business, socialization of services, and legalization of work have been further improved. The national and provincial meteorological modernization scores have increased by 11.5 points and 6.2 points compared to 2014.
Fourth, the meteorological reform has been steadily advanced. Deepen the reform of the meteorological administrative examination and approval system, complete the task of reforming the administrative examination and approval system issued by the State Council, take the lead in canceling the intermediary services for administrative examination and approval of the "thunder disaster risk assessment", clean up and standardize all 12 administrative examination and approval agency services, and cancel all 4 non-administrative permit examination Matters, the cancellation of 3 items designated by the central government for administrative approval. Standardize administrative approval actions, and actively promote the construction of "one window" acceptance and online approval platforms. Promoting the reform of the lightning protection and disaster reduction system, and promulgating the opinions on the reform of the lightning protection and disaster reduction system, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Chongqing and other lightning protection reform pilots have achieved significant results. Deepen the reform of the meteorological service system, focus on giving play to the government's leading role, explore the establishment of a public meteorological service financial security mechanism that is compatible with the responsibilities and expenditure responsibilities, and incorporate the government performance evaluation mechanism to promote the government's purchase of public meteorological services. The weather service business layout is more intensive, the process is more optimized, and the service efficiency is significantly improved. The "Administrative Measures for the Issuance and Dissemination of Meteorological Forecasts" was promulgated to encourage social media to disseminate meteorological forecasts in accordance with law. The "Measures for the Management of Meteorological Information Services" was promulgated, the market for meteorological information services was fully opened, basic meteorological data and product sharing catalogs were released to the society, and data from 2170 surface meteorological stations were made public. Positive progress has been made in the establishment of a regulatory system for the meteorological service market, and the first four meteorological information service market regulatory standards were completed as planned. Explore the use of market mechanisms to promote new socialization models for professional meteorological services and meteorological services for agriculture. China Meteorological Service Association was established. Promote the reform of the business technology system, and initially establish the intensive business layout of national and provincial guidance, and city and county application. Promote the integration of major meteorological research tasks with key national science and technology projects, and significant progress has been made in regional collaborative innovation. Improve the level of cooperation in opening up to the outside world, and deepen bilateral meteorological cooperation between China, the United States, China, Britain, China, Canada, and Germany. Meteorological cooperation with countries along the “Belt and Road” and neighboring countries was strengthened, and the first batch of meteorological aid projects in Africa officially started construction. The four meteorological recommendations are included in the list of achievements of the seventh round of China-US strategic dialogue. The "Meteorological Cooperation Agreement Across the Taiwan Strait" came into effect.
Fifth, the construction of the rule of law in meteorology has continued to deepen. Issue opinions on comprehensively promoting the construction of the rule of law in meteorology. Cooperate with the National People's Congress and the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council to advance the legislative work of the Meteorological Disaster Prevention Law, the regulations on the development, utilization and protection of climate resources, and the Regulations on the Management of Weather Modification, and carry out the revision of 13 departmental regulations. The “Guide Catalogue on the List of Powers and Responsibilities of Local Meteorological Administrations at All Levels” was jointly issued with the China Office of Compilation, and the list of rights and responsibilities of the Meteorological Bureaus of 14 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) was announced. Issued opinions on the implementation of the reform of meteorological standardization, and issued 5 national meteorological standards and 60 industry standards. Meteorological work was strengthened in accordance with the law. Governments at all levels have further expanded the scope of meteorological modernization, grass-roots disaster prevention and mitigation, and public meteorological services into organizational deployment, supervision and evaluation, and financial security. The reform of the budget management system was promoted, and the dual management system and dual-plan financial system were further implemented. In 2015, the central and local fiscal investment increased by 6.2% over 2014. The parallel system of job titles and ranks of county-level meteorological departments' public management personnel was launched.
Sixth, party building work in the meteorological department was further strengthened. Insist on ruling the party strictly and take system construction as the starting point to strengthen the self-construction of party organizations at all levels. Strictly implement the party's political discipline and political rules, revise the working rules of the party group of the China Meteorological Administration, refine the work process of the party group, and implement the full and strict management of the party's main responsibility. The strict implementation of "three majors and one big" will be included in the decision-making process of collective research. Strengthen the building of leading bodies and cadres, and strictly supervise and manage cadres to achieve normalization. Comprehensively deploy and implement the "two responsibilities" of party style and clean government, and improve departmental discipline inspection institutions. Held seminars on the study and implementation of the "Four Comprehensive" strategic layout for all leaders at the bureau and bureau level, and completed the first round of comprehensive training for prefectural and city directors and the second round of county directors. Consolidate and expand the results of the party's mass line education practice activities, and carry out the "three strict three real" special education. Strictly implement the spirit of the eight central regulations, further rectify the "four winds", and strictly control the "three public" funds. Actively cooperate with the central special inspections and take the initiative to accept supervision. Focusing on the "six major disciplines" and "four efforts", we will do a good job in establishing and reforming, supervising, investigating, and building systems. Establish specifications for internal audit work quality control. Information publicity and public opinion guidance on major events, as well as the work of groups, youth, and retired cadres, were strengthened. The overall safety production situation of the department was stable.
2015 is the final year of the Twelfth Five-Year Plan. In the past five years, the national meteorological department has adhered to the purpose of serving the country and the people, adhering to the direction of public meteorological development, comprehensively advancing the modernization of meteorology, comprehensively deepening the reform of meteorology, and conscientiously doing all the work of meteorological monitoring and forecasting services. .
—— Over the past five years, the benefits of public weather services and meteorological disaster prevention and reduction have steadily increased. The meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation mechanism with “government-led, department-linked, and social participation” was deepened. The effectiveness of decision-making services and major event guarantees has been remarkable, the overall contribution rate to the development of key industries has significantly increased, and the ability to support climate change decision-making and the construction of ecological civilization meteorological support have been significantly enhanced. The number of deaths caused by meteorological disasters has dropped from an average of 2956 in the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" to 1,293 in the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan". The proportion of disaster losses in GDP has dropped from 1.02% to 0.59%, and the public coverage of meteorological warning information is close to 80%. The satisfaction of the public weather service remained above 85 points.
—— In the past five years, the level of meteorological modernization has improved significantly. Compared with the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period, the monthly precipitation forecast score has increased by 3.7%, the accuracy rate of 24-hour rain and temperature has increased by 1.8% and 13%, and the typhoon path forecast error has decreased by 26%, reaching the international advanced level. Meteorological satellites have realized multi-satellite in-orbit and networking observations, 181 new generation weather radar networking operations, national ground observation stations have basically realized observation automation, and the regional automatic weather station township coverage has increased from 85% to 96%. The high-quality basic meteorological data set has been reconstructed since 1951, and a new generation of high-performance computer systems of 170 trillion times has been put into operation. Five achievements won the National Science and Technology Progress Award, 39 people were selected as national talent projects, and the scientific and technological innovation and talent support capabilities were further enhanced.
—— Over the past five years, the meteorological development environment has improved significantly. The system of laws, regulations and standards to ensure the development and reform of meteorology is gradually improved. Foreign cooperation and exchanges have become more open, inter-ministerial, provincial, bureau, school, and enterprise cooperation have been further promoted, and multilateral and bilateral meteorological science and technology cooperation and exchange activities have become more active. The reform of the meteorological administrative examination and approval system and the reform of the lightning protection and disaster mitigation system have achieved remarkable results, and many reforms in meteorological business technology, services and management have been advanced. With the participation in public administration as a sign, the comprehensive reform of county-level meteorological institutions has made positive progress. To further improve the dual-plan financial system, the central government ’s cumulative investment in meteorological departments increased by 81% compared to the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” period, and local government investment increased by 110%. The appearance of meteorological stations has improved significantly. A new pattern of government-led and departmental cooperation to comprehensively advance the modernization of meteorology has been formed, and the people's governments of provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) have more than 99 points of satisfaction with meteorological work. China's comprehensive meteorological strength, service support capability and international influence have reached a new level.
—— In the past five years, party building and cultural building in the meteorological department have achieved remarkable results. New progress has been made in the building of the Party's organizations, especially in grassroots organizations. Comprehensively implement all requirements for strict governance of the party and the building of a clean and honest government, strengthen organizational leadership, conscientiously implement the "two responsibilities" for building a clean and honest government, and improve the risk prevention and control system for clean government. The style of writing, meeting, study, and work have been continuously improved. The open meteorological training system is becoming more and more perfect, and the rotation training of meteorological leaders at all levels has achieved normalization. Strengthen the education of socialist core values, carry forward the spirit of meteorology, and a number of advanced models have emerged across the country. The number of civilized units in the meteorological department nationwide reached 95, an increase of 188% over five years ago.
These achievements are the result of the correct leadership of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, the strong support of party committees and governments at all levels, relevant departments, and all sectors of society. They are the result of pioneering, realistic, and innovative efforts by the majority of meteorological cadres and staff.
Summarizing the practical experience of meteorological development in the past five years, we deeply understand that to do well in meteorological work, we must adhere to the direction of public meteorological development, always adhere to the people's livelihood, production, and decision-making, and strive to give full play to the role of meteorological foundations; we must adhere to the modernization of meteorology. Unwavering, always aiming at the goals and tasks identified in Document 3 of the State Council, vigorously promoting the modernization of meteorological business, the socialization of meteorological services, and the rule of law in meteorological work, and focusing on improving the comprehensive strength of meteorology; we must adhere to science and technology as the driver of innovation, and always adhere to science and technology as the first productivity Talents are the first resource, and we must strive to improve the quality and efficiency of meteorological development. We must continue to deepen reform and expand opening up, always grasp reform to promote development, guarantee the development of the rule of law, and openness to promote development, and strive to stimulate the vitality and endogenous motivation of meteorological development. Adhere to the party's leadership, always do a good job of party building and team ideological style, strive to form a good style, and carry forward the "accurate, timely, innovative and dedicated" meteorological spirit.
We are also clearly aware that the current contradiction between the supply capacity of meteorological services and the growing demand is still outstanding, and the development of the meteorological industry is still inadequate, mainly reflected in the accuracy and precision of meteorological forecasting, economic and social development, and people's safety. There are still gaps in the requirements of well-being; there is still a gap between the level of meteorological science and technology innovation, core business technology and the advanced world level; the number of high-level meteorological talents, the overall quality of the cadre team, the degree of improvement in the selection and employment mechanism, and the rapid development of the meteorological industry. Gaps; the ability to prevent meteorological disasters in accordance with law, regulate social meteorological behaviors, and organize public meteorological services is still far from the requirements to fully perform government management functions; meteorological informatization, intensification, standardization, and meteorological business structure, development methods, and operating mechanisms Problems that are not compatible with the requirements of meteorological modernization and the general situation of national reform and development have become increasingly prominent. In this regard, we must attach great importance to face the problem, courageously assume responsibility, and work hard to solve it.
Situation and tasks during the 13th Five-Year Plan period
The "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period is an important period for the development of China's meteorological undertakings. The meteorological modernization target set by the State Council Document 3 to 2020 has entered the decisive battle phase as scheduled. It is particularly important to lead the development of the meteorological industry with the "four comprehensive" strategic layout and innovative, coordinated, green, open, and shared development concepts.
(1) Actively adapt to and accurately grasp the new normal of economic development and the new requirements for meteorological work
Meteorological services should actively adapt to new demands for economic development. Economic development has entered a new normal, the development mode has been accelerated, the structure has been continuously optimized, the process of new-type urbanization and agricultural modernization has accelerated, social wealth is accumulating, and the potential threat of meteorological disasters and climate risks have become more prominent. All parties are becoming more and more dependent on meteorological services, the people are paying more attention to the quality of life, ecological environment and happiness index, and the demand for high-quality meteorological services is more diversified. These have put forward new and higher requirements for the adaptation of demand-side structure of meteorological services to changes in demand. We must proactively adapt to new demands for economic development, expand service areas, innovate service products, enrich service methods, and improve service efficiency to form a rational structure and ensure effective supply of effective weather service products.
Meteorological modernization should actively keep up with the new pace of technological development. As science and technology advance by leaps and bounds, the pace of informatization is accelerating. Implementation of the strategy of network power, the "Internet +" action plan, implementation of the national big data strategy, and promotion of important areas such as science, technology, meteorology, and oceans are the first to achieve reasonable and appropriate public data resources being opened and shared with society. , Accelerating the implementation of a series of major policy measures such as intelligent manufacturing engineering and "Made in China 2025", which contains the huge potential to promote the first productivity of science and technology and the huge driving force for economic development and social change, which is conducive to stimulating the great vitality of entrepreneurship and innovation for all. This is undoubtedly a new opportunity, new motivation and new potential for comprehensively promoting the modernization of meteorology. We must actively keep up with the new pace of scientific and technological development, give full play to the important driving role of scientific and technological leadership in the development of meteorological undertakings, and strive to make new breakthroughs in improving the technical level of meteorological core business and international competitiveness in meteorology.
Meteorological reforms must actively implement new requirements for comprehensively deepening reforms. With the continuous promulgation and in-depth advancement of various national reform measures, the reform has entered a period of tackling difficulties and deep-water areas. It is necessary to crack down on “hard bones”, especially those involving interest adjustment. The intensity and depth of meteorological reform and development will be significantly increased. Challenges and pressures are growing. In the long run, these reforms will promote a more rational and efficient national administrative management system, a clearer coordination of powers and responsibilities, and more effective results in administering the country according to law and building a service-oriented government. We must proactively implement the new requirements for comprehensively deepening reforms, speed up the establishment and improvement of systems and mechanisms adapted to the modernization of meteorology, and lay the foundation for the sustainable and healthy development of the meteorological industry and win the initiative.
Meteorological work should actively solve new development problems. In the face of the more prominent trend of the potential threats and risks of extreme meteorological disasters, how to continuously improve the monitoring, early warning and forecasting capabilities, and form the overall force of government, department, and society for disaster prevention and reduction; in the face of the increasingly diverse needs of the people, how to use reforms Improve the adaptability and flexibility of the meteorological supply-side structure to changes in demand, make better use of the role of the government and society, cultivate new development momentum and form new growth points; face the rapid development of science and technology, and the comprehensive strength and talent competition in the international meteorological field The increasingly fierce situation, how to seize the core areas of meteorological core technologies such as numerical models, data assimilation, data reanalysis, and application of detection data to lead meteorological modernization, accelerate reform of meteorological talents development mechanism and policy innovation, and continuously cultivate talents, exercise talents, attract talents, Retain talents to support and guarantee the modernization of meteorology; in the face of the urgent situation that basically realizes the modernization of meteorology and enters the decisive stage, how to accelerate the transformation of the development mode and improve the quality and efficiency of meteorological development. We need to take the initiative to solve new development problems, increase innovation momentum, and develop advantages in development, and strive to promote higher-quality, more efficient, higher-level, and more sustainable meteorological modernization.
The development of the meteorological industry during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period is still in a period of important strategic opportunities that can make a lot of progress. Meteorological work is closely related to economic development, food security, ecological civilization, and people's lives. Although it is not a central task, it can affect the center, and it is not a general situation but can affect the overall situation. We must proactively adapt to and accurately grasp the new normal of economic development. In accordance with China's development plan for the next five years planned by the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Party, we must closely associate the "Five Development Philosophy" with meteorological work to ensure that the spirit of the Fifth Plenary Session will be ensured. Come true. The overall requirements for the development of the "13th Five-Year Plan" meteorological cause are: to fully implement the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Party and the 3rd, 4th, and 5th Plenary Sessions of the 18th Central Committee of the CPC; "Comprehensive" strategic layout, firmly establish and implement the "five major development concepts", proactively adapt to the new normal of economic development, adhere to the direction of public meteorological development, adhere to the comprehensive advancement of meteorological modernization, comprehensively deepen meteorological reform, comprehensively promote the construction of the rule of law and comprehensively strengthen the meteorological department Party building, highlighting technology-driven innovation drive, optimizing the environment for talent development, focusing on improving quality and efficiency, and informatization as the basis, focusing on the development of smart meteorology, and the establishment of a meteorological modernization system that meets demand, has a complete structure, advanced functions, and strong guarantees To ensure that the goal of modernization of meteorological modernization is achieved as scheduled by 2020, and that a well-off society will be better established in an all-round way.
(Two) firmly establish and implement the "five development concepts"
Highlight innovation and development, and strive to stimulate the vitality of meteorological development. Effectively take innovation as the first driving force for development, and talent as the first resource to support development. Adhere to science and technology leadership, highlight innovation drive, rely more on technology and talents, and strive to achieve new breakthroughs in key scientific fields and core business technologies. Make full use of the "Internet +" and other information technology channels that connect "necessary demand" and "effective supply", vigorously promote meteorological informatization, promote profound changes in meteorological business, services, and management, and realize meteorology and new technologies, new formats, and new products Deep integration. We will further simplify administration and decentralization, combine decentralization and management, optimize services, improve systems and mechanisms such as administration by law and market supervision, improve the quality and efficiency of resource allocation, and promote the scientific development of meteorological causes.
Promote coordinated development and focus on strengthening the shortcomings of meteorological development. Effectively guaranteeing coordinated development and promoting coordinated development are the inherent requirements for the sustainable and healthy development of meteorology. Focusing on the "One Belt and One Road" construction, the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and the construction of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, we will strengthen the overall strategy for regional development of meteorological services and accelerate the formation of a new pattern of coordinated development of meteorological services nations. Efforts will be made to build a regional meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation system, strengthen the equalization of public meteorological services, and expand the space for meteorological development in the service of coordinated development of the country to enhance the development potential. Closely solve the imbalance, uncoordinated and unsustainable problems in the development of meteorological undertakings, coordinate and promote the modernization of meteorological business, the socialization of services, and the rule of law in the work, coordinate the development of meteorological undertakings in the eastern, central and western regions, and coordinate with the nations, provinces, and cities And county meteorological work, coordinating the development of various business systems, coordinating and coordinating meteorological operations, services, and management, and constantly increasing the integrity of development.
Emphasis on green development and focus on leading new areas of meteorological development. Effectively take services to ensure the construction of ecological civilization and promote the promotion of green development as the inevitable requirements for promoting sustainable development and meeting the people's pursuit of a better life. Revolving around accelerating the construction of major functional areas, promoting the development of a low-carbon cycle, comprehensively saving and efficient use of resources, and strengthening environmental governance, we are relying on the advantages of the meteorological system to build meteorological business advantages, form meteorological service advantages, and respond scientifically to climate change. Orderly development and utilization of climate resources, attach great importance to climate security, vigorously develop ecological meteorology, environmental meteorology, resource meteorology, marine meteorology, agricultural meteorology, tourism meteorology, improve the ability and level of meteorological services to ensure green development, and promote the harmonious coexistence of man and nature.
Insist on open development and focus on expanding new space for meteorological development. Practically consider opening up as the only way for meteorological prosperity and development. With strategic thinking and a global perspective, we will make good use of both international and domestic resources and two forces, and proactively adapt to and deeply integrate into the country's opening-up strategic layout. Focusing on comprehensively advancing meteorological modernization, deepening all-round opening to the outside world, and striving to form a mutually beneficial cooperation pattern of deepening integration. Focusing on disaster prevention and reduction, responding to climate change, and ecological environmental protection, improving the level of meteorological opening to the outside world, focusing on breakthroughs in core meteorological technology and research and development of major meteorological equipment, and improving the quality of meteorological science and technology cooperation. Actively participate in global climate governance, continue to take advantage of science and technology, and strive to enhance international influence and voice in the field of meteorology, providing China with more initiative and support in global climate governance and even global governance.
Strengthen shared development and focus on improving the well-being of the broad masses of the people. Take sharing as the essential requirement for the development of meteorological undertakings with Chinese characteristics. Adhere to development for the people, rely on the people for development, share development results with the people, grasp the direction of public meteorological development, firmly establish a red line awareness of disaster prevention and reduction, comprehensively strengthen meteorological disaster prevention and reduction, accelerate the development of smart meteorology, and effectively guarantee the country's implementation of poverty alleviation projects. Taking the improvement of people's well-being and the protection of people's lives and property as the fundamental starting point and end point of meteorological work, the masses of the people can share the results of higher-quality meteorological services.
(3) Focus on the "four major systems" of meteorological modernization
Focus on building a seamless, accurate and intelligent modern meteorological monitoring, forecasting and early warning system based on information technology. We will improve the meteorological observation business with integrated space-ground-air integration and internal and external resource coordination, strengthen the meteorological information business with intensive resources, efficient processes, and unified standards, and develop seamless, accurate, and intelligent weather forecasting services. Large-scale, wide-covered meteorological early warning business, creating an intelligent and innovative modern meteorological business development platform, striving to modernize the meteorological business, and improving the accuracy and precision of meteorological monitoring, forecasting and early warning.
Efforts to build a modern public weather service system led by the government, the main body of the department, and social participation. With a view to better meeting the needs of economic and social development and the production and living needs of the people, taking into account the needs of inclusive services and personalized, multi-layered, and more diverse services of higher quality, vigorously promote the modernization of meteorological service operations and strengthen the government's introduction of public weather The leading role of service development policies and regulations, the improvement of public security mechanisms, and supervision and evaluation, give full play to the basic role of meteorological departments in promoting the inclusiveness of public meteorological services, supporting the creation and supervision of services, and inspiring the vitality of social organizations to participate in public meteorological services. To strengthen the functions of meteorological public services such as disaster prevention and mitigation, agricultural services, urbanization guarantees, and ecological civilization construction guarantees, to form a service structure with public institutions, markets, and social organizations as the diverse supply subjects, and to establish a standardized and orderly management of meteorological services Mechanisms, policies, regulations, and guarantee systems to build a modern meteorological service system with Chinese characteristics.
Focus on building an open and efficient meteorological science and technology innovation and talent system that focuses on core technologies. Aiming at the world's advanced meteorological science and technology level, focus on key meteorological key areas and key business core technologies, implement national meteorological science and technology innovation projects and meteorological talent projects, optimize scientific and technological innovation and talent system mechanisms, and take advantage of domestic and foreign universities, research institutions and enterprises' superior resources, Build a high-level core technology research team, enhance the core competitiveness of the meteorological business, and strengthen the construction of grass-roots high-quality, high-skilled talents around the needs of meteorological modernization at the grassroots level, and provide solid scientific and technological support and personnel guarantee for the comprehensive advancement of meteorological modernization.
Efforts to build a modern meteorological management system based on scientific standards and a high degree of rule of law. Adhere to and develop a dual-leader, department-oriented management system, improve the dual-plan financial system that is compatible with it, adjust and improve the structure of the meteorological business, strengthen amendments to regulations, standards, and planning, and strengthen administration according to law, make decisions, and perform government in accordance with the law Meteorological functions, forming a complete system, scientific and standardized, and effective operation mechanism, strive to achieve the legalization of meteorological work, and provide institutional guarantee for the comprehensive advancement of meteorological modernization.
(4) Focus on the implementation of "Six Major Meteorological Projects"
Meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation forecast and early warning project. Fully implement the modern weather forecast business development plan, build a seamless and intensive modern weather forecast business system, develop an objective and accurate technical system, improve the professional weather forecast and early warning business system for cities, ecology, and the environment, and build a nationwide inland And the relatively complete emergency early-warning information release system in neighboring sea areas has significantly improved the timeliness, refinement level and meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation capabilities of meteorological forecasts.
Meteorological science and technology innovation and talent engineering. In-depth implementation of the innovation-driven development strategy and high-quality talent training strategy, the establishment of high-resolution data assimilation and numerical weather models, the establishment of sea-land-ice-gas coupled high-resolution climate prediction models for the monthly-season-year scale, establishment of The earth system model that couples multiple processes such as physics, chemistry, ecology, etc., establishes a pilot platform for major core technical achievements, carries out quality control of meteorological data, and multi-source data fusion and re-analysis, achieving new breakthroughs in core meteorological business technologies.
Meteorological Information System Engineering. Implement the national “Internet +” and big data development strategy, build a standard system of meteorological information, establish a unified meteorological big data environment, build an intensive and shared infrastructure resource pool, build an efficient meteorological management information platform, and build a weather-oriented meteorological system. The information sharing platform and public weather service platform build a smart meteorology with a highly integrated development of meteorology and economy and society, and provide the public with higher quality inclusive weather services.
Marine meteorological capacity building project. Full implementation of marine meteorological development plans, construction of marine meteorological observation networks, development of integrated marine meteorological monitoring services based on multi-source data fusion, establishment of probabilistic forecasting services for offshore winds, sea fog, waves and storm surges in responsible sea areas, development of global marine meteorological forecast models Establish a marine meteorological disaster defense system, form a global monitoring, global forecasting, and global service capability, and significantly enhance ocean weather support capabilities.
Satellite radar and other meteorological detection basic projects. Continue to implement special plans for the development of meteorological satellites and meteorological radars, promote the construction and business application of Fengyun No.2, No.3 and No.4 series satellite systems, and develop Fengyun No.3 early morning star, precipitation measurement satellite, and geostationary microwave observation satellite , To realize the multi-star network observation business pattern. Establish a comprehensive application system for satellite remote sensing. Improve and optimize the layout of the weather radar network. Build a national wind profile radar network and conduct business application tests of new weather radars. A modern integrated meteorological observation system with automation, networking, standardization, and integration of air, ground and air will be built. Efforts should be made to improve the application level and efficiency of satellite and radar data.
Ecological civilization construction guarantee and artificial weathering capacity building project. Actively promote the implementation of the National Weather Modification Development Plan, improve the nationwide weather modification business layout, implement the national level weather modification capacity building projects in Northwest, North China, Central, Southwest, Southeast, etc., and focus on the construction of aircraft operation capabilities and improve operations Equipment modernization level and scientific and technological support capabilities, give full play to the role of artificial weather in promoting agricultural production and income, improving the ecological environment and other fields.
Third, 2016 work deployment
2016 is the beginning of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" and an important year to ensure that the goal of building a well-off society is fully achieved on schedule. The overall requirements for doing a good job of meteorological work throughout the year are: coordinating and advancing the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, firmly establishing and implementing the "five development concepts", maintaining the determination to fully advance the modernization of meteorology, grasping the direction led by science and technology, and firmly deepening meteorological reform Confidence, strengthen the requirements for the construction of the rule of law in meteorology, implement the party's responsibility of strictly governing the party, highlight the prevention of meteorological disasters, highlight the importance of meteorological services to protect people's livelihood, highlight the improvement of the ability to provide meteorological services, and focus on addressing climate change. Prominently do a good job of party building in the meteorological department, develop smart meteorology, and constantly improve the ability of meteorological support to build a well-off society in an all-round way, and make a good start for the development of the meteorological cause during the "13th Five-Year Plan".
To this end, we must focus on the following seven tasks:
(I) Focus on improving the level of meteorological services
Go all out to do a good job in weather disaster prevention and mitigation. Strengthen monitoring and forecasting of El Niño / La Niña climate events and analysis of impacts, focusing on providing rolling forecasting services affecting river basins and regions. In response to extreme, sudden and catastrophic major weather and climate events and their secondary and derivative disasters, we will strengthen meteorological services of up-down linkage, left-right joint defense, division of labor, and territoriality. Focus on the prevention and mitigation of rural meteorological disasters such as small and medium river floods and mountain flood geological disasters. Strengthen emergency response with agriculture, water conservancy, land, transportation, environmental protection and other departments, and promote the establishment of a whole society emergency response mechanism guided by early warning signals. Continue to promote the construction and application of the national emergency warning information release system, and improve the timeliness and coverage of weather warning information release. Promote the construction of a national meteorological information officer platform and give play to the role of grass-roots meteorological information officers. Strengthen scientific popularization of meteorological disaster prevention and reduction.
Efforts will be made to improve the level of meteorological services for agriculture, rural areas and farmers. We will conscientiously implement the spirit of the Central Rural Work Conference and the No. 1 Document of the Central Government, innovate the meteorological service mechanism for agriculture, coordinate government and department resources with integrated development, promote the socialization of meteorological service for agriculture with a crowdsourcing model, and promote the transformation and upgrade of the meteorological service for agriculture . Develop smart agro-meteorological services based on "Internet +", and improve the straight-through and personalized service level for new types of agricultural operators. Do a good job of monitoring, forecasting and early warning services for key agricultural hours and major disasters in major grain production areas and cash crop planting areas. Use market mechanisms to develop weather index insurance and weather services. Establish an intensive development model for regional characteristic agro-meteorological services. The evaluation of agricultural meteorological test stations is preferred.
Effectively do a good job of urban weather services. We will conscientiously implement the spirit of the Central Urban Work Conference and promote the full integration of urban weather services into all aspects of urban planning, construction, and operation management. Efforts will be made to prevent high-impact meteorological disasters in cities such as waterlogging, heavy fog, haze, heavy rain (snow), strong convection weather, and high winds. Pilot projects will be conducted to investigate potential disaster risk hazards in key units. Do a good job in climate application services for urban system planning, urban ventilation corridor design, and drainage and flood prevention system construction. The construction of the meteorological disaster prevention and reduction system in provincial capital cities will continue to promote the integration of meteorological services into the development of smart cities.
Make solid efforts in poverty alleviation by weather. Earnestly implement the spirit of the Central Working Conference on Poverty Alleviation. Give priority to the construction of meteorological infrastructure in poor areas, and improve the ability to monitor meteorological disasters in poor areas. Promote the in-depth construction and extensive coverage of the "two systems" of meteorological services for farmers in poor areas, and improve the capabilities of meteorological services and disaster prevention in poor areas. To meet the needs of ecological protection and restoration and development of characteristic industries in poor areas, develop targeted meteorological services, do a good job of artificially affecting the weather, and develop and utilize climate resources, and make use of meteorological services to "target benefits, avoid harm, reduce burden and increase income" ".
Strengthen public and professional meteorological services. Create a public weather service brand, promote the integrated development of public weather services across the media, and develop refined, personalized and customized public weather services for user interaction. Establish a third-party meteorological service benefit quantitative evaluation business, and conduct public meteorological forecast propagation quality evaluation. Meteorological services in marine, forest and grassland fire prevention, transportation, tourism, power and other professional fields will be provided. Develop refined traffic weather service technology based on location customization, and pilot establish traffic and power weather disaster risk early warning services. Give full play to the role of the Meteorological Center in serving the flood prevention and drought resistance of the whole river basin and the construction and operation of major water conservancy projects. Jointly promote the establishment of an emergency linkage mechanism for inland navigation weather disasters. Provide weather protection for major events such as the G20 Hangzhou Summit.
Strengthen the meteorological guarantee for ecological civilization. Jointly promote the construction of atmospheric anion monitoring network with forestry departments. Improve the environmental meteorological observation system, carry out meteorological monitoring, forecasting, early warning and decision-making consulting services for the carrying capacity of the ecological environment, and improve the comprehensive assessment of meteorological conditions for atmospheric pollution diffusion. Strengthen climate monitoring and forecasting, impact assessment and scientific research, promote the construction of climate service systems, and take extreme disaster response and risk management as the starting point to enhance the ability to respond to meteorological disaster risks. Strengthen the climate feasibility demonstration of major functional areas, major projects, and assessment and forecasting services for wind and solar energy resources. Do the weather-affected operations in ecologically fragile areas, water conservation areas, and grassland forest areas.
Doing a good job in supporting science and technology for climate change. Issue guidance on strengthening climate change. Promote the development of global climate system models, regional climate models and comprehensive assessment models. Prepare the data of the global climate model related to the sixth report of the IPCC. Standardize the monitoring and analysis of greenhouse gas and atmospheric composition backgrounds, strengthen the construction of basic data sets for climate change, and do global synchronous analysis and comparison of temperature. To closely follow the concept of climate security, carry out research on the laws of climate change, and strengthen scientific and technological support, decision-making consultation and service work on climate change. Give full play to the advisory role of the National Expert Committee on Climate Change. Organize the selection of authors for the sixth assessment of the IPCC and the preparation of special report analysis.
(2) Comprehensively promote the modernization of meteorological operations
Promote the modernization of weather forecasting operations. Implement the "Modern Meteorological Forecasting Business Development Plan", realize the commercialization and product application of GRAPES global numerical models, promote the sharing of regional high-resolution numerical forecasting products nationwide, and improve the application capabilities of the second-generation climate forecasting model products. We will improve seamless weather forecasting, integrated real-time monitoring and near-warning services at the province-city-county level, and establish a county-level extension forecast business. Improve the accuracy of catastrophic weather forecasts such as heavy rain. Carry out a refined grid / site integrated forecasting business pilot and establish a global grid forecasting service for 0-7 days. Promote the construction of the Asian Aviation Meteorological Center. Develop professional meteorological forecasting services such as environment, ocean, hydrology, and space weather, and advance capacity building for impact forecasting and risk early warning services. Develop objective forecasting technology combining multi-model ensemble and dynamic statistics, establish monthly and seasonal grid point forecast business in Asia, and improve the forecast level of rain belts and climate events in the flood season. Promote the construction of management standards for weather forecasting business standards and specifications, inspection and evaluation, and examination and approval.
Promote the modernization of meteorological services. Strengthen the construction of meteorological disaster risk management business capacity, complete the nationwide county-level storm and flood disaster risk survey, and realize the operation of the national meteorological disaster information management system. The provincial, city, and county levels of heavy rain, flood, and wind disaster risk zoning were initiated, and the capacity building for the quantitative risk assessment of heavy rain and flood disasters was carried out. Strengthen the development and application of high-resolution refined forecast service products, and establish a personalized, interactive, and customizable intelligent public weather service business. Develop environmental meteorological service technologies focusing on accurate early warning of fog and haze and evaluation of the effects of air pollution control, and forecasting and early warning technologies for inland navigation weather disasters. Promote intensive, informatized, and standardized capacity building of the government-led national emergency warning information release system. We will improve the standards and norms for weather modification operations, improve the numerical forecasting operations for weather modification operations, and promote comprehensive business systems and operational equipment ammunition information collection and monitoring systems.
Promote the modernization of integrated meteorological observation services. Coordinate the observation resources of departments, industries, and society, and build a three-dimensional integrated observation system of air, ground and air. Construct climate observation systems and marine meteorological observation systems, and strengthen the construction of atmospheric background stations and climate observatories. Prepare for the launch of "Fengyun" No. 01 star and CO2 monitoring satellite. Promote the construction of a comprehensive application system for satellite remote sensing, and do a good job in preparing and demonstrating the application of the high score No. 4 data. Realize the minute-level transmission of basic element data of national-level surface meteorological observation stations. Complete the network weather radar data stream transmission test. Multi-method comprehensive observation and identification technology for developing cloud and weather phenomena. Establish an observation quality management system to improve the availability of observation data in forecasting services and numerical models. Formulate a comprehensive assessment system for observation quality and complete a comprehensive assessment of new-generation weather radar operations. Carry out comprehensive meteorological observation experiments in megacities. Promote the construction of comprehensive experimental bases for atmospheric detection. Renovate the national meteorological metrology verification laboratory and complete the provincial metrological verification automation system upgrade. Guide and support enterprises as the main body to carry out technological innovations in intelligent observation equipment.
Accelerate the application of meteorological information. Completed the objectives and tasks of the "Meteorological Informatization Action Plan (2015-2016)", and realized the national CIMISS commercialization and access to major business systems. Formulate (repair) basic business technical standards and specifications. Complete the first phase of the national-provincial infrastructure resource pool construction, promote intensive integration of business systems into the resource pool, and prepare the second batch of high-performance computer system construction plans. Streamline the data business process and division of labor, and promote the reconstruction of data-centric information processes. Carry out multi-source data fusion and atmospheric reanalysis experiments. Started the Zhongchuang business platform test, promoted the open source of MICAPS and numerical model and the development of Zhongzhi, and realized the cloud service of numerical forecast products. Improve the ability of China Meteorological Data Network to share and open. Promote the construction of the e-government intranet of the meteorological department, and build a meteorological management information platform.
Make overall plans to advance national and provincial meteorological modernization. Promote national-level scientific research business units to complete the annual tasks of the national meteorological science and technology innovation project and the implementation plan of modernization of meteorology as planned. Promote the completion of third-party assessments and conclusions in the pilot phase of meteorological modernization in Shanghai, Jiangsu, and Beijing. Set higher targets for pilot provinces and cities by 2020, and continue to play a leading role in demonstration. We will step up efforts in the eastern region to ensure that meteorological modernization is basically achieved on schedule. Promote the integration of the central and western regions with actual conditions, highlight local characteristics, learn from the experience and methods of advanced regions and technological achievements, and accelerate the modernization of meteorology; give full play to the experimental demonstration of Henan and Shaanxi in the modernization of meteorological modernization in the midwest. Strengthen the summary and promotion of experience and results, strengthen supervision and implementation of responsibilities. Improve the modern indicator evaluation system. Continue to strengthen the capacity building of regional meteorological centers and river basin meteorological centers.
(3) Strengthen scientific and technological innovation to lead development
Strengthen innovation in meteorological science and technology. Earnestly implement the spirit of the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference. Complete the annual task of the National Meteorological Science and Technology Innovation Project. Strive for national science and technology resources to support major core technology research and key tasks of the four research plans, and promote the integration of scientific research operations. The third scientific experiment of atmospheric science, arid meteorology, and monsoon precipitation in the South China Sea was carried out. Strengthen the innovation capability of the “One Academy and Eight Institutes”, promote key technologies such as core protection, strong advantages, emphasis on synergy, focus on numerical models, strengthen regional scientific and technological collaboration and achievement sharing, and create a regional science and technology innovation growth pole with a specialty institute as the core Promote coordinated development of provincial scientific and technological innovation, and give full play to the scientific and technological support role of the Regional Atmospheric Science Joint Research Center. Standardize the management of field scientific test bases, promote the open sharing of large-scale scientific research equipment, and bring into play the benefits of science and technology support platforms. Promote the construction of pilot plants for meteorological scientific and technological achievements in major business fields. Carry forward the scientific spirit of seeking truth, being pragmatic, and innovating.
Improve the scientific and technological innovation system. We will improve the mechanism for centralized joint tackling of national meteorological science and technology innovation projects, with the goal and task as the guide, and promote the deep integration of scientific research and business units to break down barriers. Promote the construction of regional scientific and technological collaborative innovation mechanisms, and give full play to the core driving role of regional scientific and technological innovation. We will improve the mechanism for transforming scientific and technological achievements, and explore measures for the protection of intellectual property rights and the distribution of income from achievements. Strengthen the third-party assessment of national meteorological science and technology innovation projects. Establish an evaluation and incentive mechanism oriented by scientific and technological innovation, technological breakthroughs and business contributions. With the establishment of a joint research center as the starting point, improve the open and cooperative mechanism of in-depth integration and mutual benefit.
Strengthen the cultivation of innovative talents. Strengthen post setting management, further improve talent evaluation and incentive mechanism, and guide and support outstanding talents to concentrate on doing business service research. Continue to implement the "Double Hundred Plan", strengthen the cultivation and introduction of high-level leading talents, and strengthen the construction of innovative teams. Further strengthen the training of young talents. Implement talent policies, strengthen talent services, and innovate and improve service policies and measures. Promote the modernization of meteorological education and training, upgrade the forecaster internship training platform, and improve the system of meteorological training courses. Promote the system of forecaster grading, start a new round of training for forecasters at the provincial level and above, and promote the shift of forecasters to "modern" forecasters who rely more on scientific analysis and control of modern forecasting technology. Implement the spirit of the symposium on meteorological education, promote colleges and scientific research institutes to carry out modern meteorological business training and student internship practice for teachers and professional and technical personnel, and improve the quality of personnel training in atmospheric sciences.
Improve the quality and benefits of open cooperation. Strengthen the construction of cooperation platforms and mechanisms, guide the use of domestic and foreign superior resources to participate in key core tasks, and improve the quality and efficiency of open cooperation. Deepen cooperation between provinces, ministries, bureaus, schools and enterprises. Cooperate with the Chinese Academy of Sciences to promote the construction of a collaborative innovation platform in the core technology field. Promote the construction of regional atmospheric science joint research centers in Guangzhou, Wuhan, Chengdu and Lanzhou. Focusing on the needs of meteorological modernization, we will deepen bilateral cooperation with the United States Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the European Medium-term Weather Forecasting Center, enhance the impact and role in the formulation and governance of international organizations such as the World Meteorological Organization, and improve the quality and cooperation of international meteorological science and technology Level. Promote regional meteorological cooperation with key countries in Central Asia and neighboring countries in a practical manner, and improve the meteorological service support capabilities of the “Belt and Road” initiative. Held the first China-ASEAN Meteorological Cooperation Forum. The construction of the first batch of meteorological aids to Africa was completed. Continue to improve the level of international intelligence introduction and training. Implement the results of the Meteorological Cooperation Agreement across the Taiwan Straits and promote cooperation with Hong Kong and Macao.
(IV) Comprehensively deepening meteorological reform
Comprehensively implement the reform of the lightning protection and disaster reduction system. Implement the opinions on the reform of the lightning protection and disaster reduction system, refine the reform tasks, and clarify the division of responsibilities. Improve the lightning protection and disaster reduction work mechanism and mechanism, optimize the basic business layout of lightning protection, strengthen the lightning protection and disaster reduction safety supervision and public service functions, and realize the transformation and development of lightning protection and disaster reduction work. Open the lightning protection device detection service market, strengthen market supervision, and establish and improve a system of policies, regulations, and standards that meets reform requirements. Issue guidance on the establishment of lightning protection agencies and personnel adjustments, optimize the lightning protection and disaster reduction work institutions, and properly arrange lightning protection technical service personnel. Summarize the experience and achievements of the pilot units.
Continue to advance the reform of the meteorological administrative approval system. We will conscientiously implement the reform tasks of simplifying administration and decentralization, combining decentralization and management, and optimizing services, advancing the comprehensive management and information construction of meteorological administrative examination and approval, and improving the timeliness and service level of administrative examination and approval. Strengthen the standardized management of technical services after acceptance of administrative examination and approval, adjust and optimize work processes, and improve supporting policies and measures. Implement the Guiding Catalogue of the List of Powers and Responsibilities of Local Meteorological Administrations at All Levels, and complete the formulation and publication of the lists of powers and responsibilities of meteorological departments at the provincial and municipal and county levels. Strengthen the meteorological public service and social management functions, and promote the township government to further clarify the duties of meteorological disaster prevention and public meteorological services.
Continue to deepen the reform of the meteorological service system. We will deepen the trials, combine points and planes, and promote them as a whole to promote the quality and efficiency of meteorological services. The Public Meteorological Service Center of the China Meteorological Administration should play a leading role in reforming the business system and develop a basic support platform for meteorological services for the provincial and social forces to drive the provincial level to establish a coordinated and intensive public meteorological service product production business. Improve the sharing mechanism between enterprises and enterprises, and stimulate the vitality of enterprises and enterprises. Provincial meteorological service institutions shall effectively play the role of the main body of public meteorological services, clarify public welfare attributes, optimize business layout and service processes, and enhance service supply capabilities. Promote local governments to clarify their responsibilities for matters of authority and to form a corresponding input guarantee mechanism to expand the scale of government procurement of services. Promote the rule of law in the management of meteorological services, and initially establish a market management standard and system for meteorological information services. Clarify the responsibilities of meteorological service management functions in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong and other provinces, and conduct pilot operations. Giving play to the bridge ties of the China Meteorological Service Association and the role of industry self-regulation. Pilot special reforms of state-owned enterprises to promote standardized development. Promote the reform of China Meteorological Channel. Innovate the development mechanism and explore the construction of a platform for creating a meteorological service application. Carry out social public benefit evaluation of meteorological data products. Promote the pilot reform of the system and mechanism for artificial weather weather safety management.
Solidly promote the reform of the meteorological business system. Strengthen national technology leadership, business guidance, and provincial business organization and product support. Regional high-resolution numerical forecasting operations are intensive to national and regional meteorological centers, and forecasting and forecasting operations are intensive to national-provincial levels. Accelerate the establishment of city-county comprehensive weather services and strengthen real-time monitoring and approaching early warning; build business processes that roll on time, share in real time, and synergize with forecasts; explore incentive mechanisms for smart innovation and business transformation of scientific and technological achievements; and promote the standardization of traditional business management methods And quantitative management transformation.
Continuously improve the reform of the meteorological management system. Adjust the functions and tasks of the institutions within the China Meteorological Administration. Improve the dual planning financial system. Promote the division of meteorological powers and expenditure responsibilities, and determine the central, local, or central and local common powers based on the principle of benefit scope. Promote the endowment insurance system and the concurrent system of job titles and ranks of county-level meteorological administrative staff. We will do a good job of reforming civil servants' standard allowances and subsidies, performance wages of public institutions, and the salary system reform of officials in bureau-owned enterprises.
(5) Comprehensively promote the construction of the rule of law in meteorology
Promote meteorological legislation and standardization. Promote the legislative process of the Meteorological Disaster Prevention Law, the regulations on the development, utilization and protection of climate resources, and the revision of the Regulations on Artificial Weather Impact Management. Speed up the process of local meteorological legislation. Cooperate with people's congresses at all levels to carry out inspections on the implementation of the Meteorological Law and its supporting regulations and investigations on law enforcement, and to strengthen the promotion and implementation of meteorological laws and regulations and the promotion of laws. Do a good job in the formulation and revision of departmental regulations and the clearance of documents. Accelerate the introduction of important standards for meteorological informatization, technical equipment, and market supervision. Pay close attention to the implementation of standards, and promote the integration of standards into administrative management and business assessment.
Improve meteorological administrative capabilities. Improve the system for cadres and staff to learn laws and use them, and improve the legal thinking and administrative capacity of meteorological cadres. Implement meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation and safety supervision in accordance with law, and fully perform the functions of meteorological administration. Strengthen the service and management of industry meteorology. Actively promote the scientificization, democratization, and rule of law in administrative decision-making, and strengthen the restriction and supervision of administrative power. Strengthen the construction of legal institutions and legal teams, establish a "double random" random inspection mechanism, and strengthen supervision and meteorological enforcement during and after the event.
Improve scientific management of meteorological affairs. Strengthening research on meteorological development strategies. Pay close attention to the implementation of the supervision office, establish and improve the mechanism for advocacy, supervision, incentives, and accountability, and carry out special inspections on the implementation of important systems and key tasks. Improve the comprehensive evaluation system. Strengthen departmental production safety management and investigate and rectify hidden dangers. Strengthen budget management and do a good job in departmental comprehensive budgeting. Increase support for meteorological business service capacity building in grassroots and poverty-stricken areas. Meteorological stations in old revolutionary areas, ethnic areas, border areas and areas where special poverty relief policies are clearly implemented are the focus of infrastructure construction. Increase support for meteorological work in the Tibetan areas of Xinjiang, Tibet and Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu, and Qinghai provinces, and innovate counterpart assistance to Tibet and Xinjiang.
(6) Comprehensively strengthening party building in meteorological departments
We will implement the party's main responsibility for rigorously governing the party in an all-round way, and persist in doing a good job of building a good work style. Adhere to the party's need to govern the party and administer the party strictly, strictly implement the "Code of Clean and Self-discipline of the Communist Party of China" and "Regulations of Disciplinary Action of the Communist Party of China", comprehensively strengthen disciplinary construction, strictly enforce political discipline and political rules, and maintain the authority of party discipline and party discipline. Resolutely implement the strict management of the party's main responsibility, strictly clarify the party's "six major disciplines", and strengthen "one post and two responsibilities." Comprehensively implement the responsibility system for party building work, improve the operating mechanism of the party building leading group, improve the system of accounting for the work of the party organization, and strengthen the performance evaluation of party building work. Deepen and strengthen intra-party supervision with democratic centralism at the core. Unswervingly and strictly implement the spirit of the Eight Provisions of the Central Committee, and continue to correct and investigate the "Four Winds." Carry out special educational activities such as "learning the party rules and regulations, studying a series of speeches, and being a qualified party member". Further strengthen and improve department inspections.
We will unswervingly promote the building of a clean and honest government and anti-corruption work. Implement the spirit of the Sixth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the spirit of the Fourth State Council Work Conference on Clean Government, and the National Meteorological Department Party Work Integrity Building Conference, earnestly study the "Excerpts from Xi Jinping's Exposition on Strict Party Discipline and Rules", and implement the Party's work integrity Build "two responsibilities", increase supervision and discipline accountability, improve the interview system, implement "one case and double investigation", and strengthen the decomposition of responsibility, inspection and supervision, and investigation. Strengthen the restriction and supervision of the operation of power in various fields, standardize the "three big and one big" decision-making, strengthen the disclosure of power in the use of funds and resource management, and steadily promote full audit coverage. Strengthen the pertinence of party style and clean government education and increase case warning education. Seize the key minority, and work hard to solve the difficult problem of "first leader" supervision. Strengthen supervision before, during, and after the event, and strive to build a long-term mechanism of "do not dare to rot, do not want to rot".
We will conscientiously do a good job of rectifying the feedback problems of the central special inspections. Strictly implement the main responsibility of the party's group for rectification and reform, highlight the problem-oriented, and make sure that everything is clear and accountable. Clarify measures, responsibilities, goals and time limits for rectification, strictly supervise inspections, and ensure that the inspection feedback is fully rectified and implemented. Publicize the rectification in a timely manner and take the initiative to accept supervision.
Strengthen the building of leading bodies and cadres. Strengthen the construction of the system for the selection and appointment of cadres, and formulate opinions on strengthening the selection and employment of meteorological departments. Implement the "Regulations on the Work of Cadre Education and Training", improve the meteorological education and training system, and initiate comprehensive quality rotation training of provincial-level and above meteorological department-level leaders. Strictly supervise and supervise cadres, implement the reporting system for personal matters of leading cadres, and do a good job of verifying key cadres who are proposed to be promoted. In-depth promotion of special review of cadre files, rectification of cadres with over-employed staff, and rectification of part-time violations by leading cadres. We will strengthen the management of the phenomenon of inaction and disorder, and focus on solving problems such as poor mental status, weak awareness of innovation, and poor awareness of innovation.
Strengthen the construction of meteorological culture. Strengthen education on socialist core values, deepen revolutionary traditions and patriotism education, and promote the spirit of meteorology. Carry out online demonstration activities of national civilized units of the meteorological department to promote the development of spiritual civilization in the meteorological department. Solidly carry out activities such as job skills competitions, model selection, and assistance for employees in need, and create a good atmosphere for entrepreneurship. Improve the grass-roots training system for young people and build a platform for young people to grow up. Pay attention to and do well in group work. Do a good job of the old cadres under the new situation. Strengthen the construction of harmonious units.
(7) Formulate and implement the "13th Five-Year Plan" meteorological development plan
Compile the "13th Five-Year Plan". Focusing on the implementation of the "five major development concepts", focusing on smart meteorology, constructing the "four major systems", meticulously linking it with the outline of the national "13th Five-Year Plan", compiling and completing the "13th Five-Year Plan" for meteorological development. Do a good job of linking the master plan with the special plan, the master plan with the local plan, and the special plans. Completion of the formulation and revision of relevant special plans in the fields of meteorological services, forecasting, observation, science and technology, and information. Do a good job in the preparation of the "13th Five-Year Plan" for meteorological development in provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities), and promote the integration into the local national economic and social development plan. Complete the summary and evaluation of the implementation of the 12th Five-Year Plan.
Implement key projects. Focusing on the goal of meteorological modernization and constructing the "four major systems", do a good job of preliminary research and engineering design of major policies, major projects, and major projects during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period at all levels. National key plans for the construction of the "Six Major Meteorological Projects" during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period. Provincial-level implementation of public weather services, meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation, ecological civilization meteorological support, scientific and technological support for climate change, meteorological support for food production, Project construction in areas such as the improvement of comprehensive observation capabilities, the overall strategy for regional development, and meteorological support for poverty alleviation. Promote the establishment of marine meteorological security and regional silhouette projects. The preliminary preparations for meteorological informatization engineering design and the implementation of special plans for the development of meteorological radars were started. Complete the construction of the "12th Five-Year Plan" closing project.
(Source: "China Meteorological News" January 28, 2016 Second Edition Chief Editor: Zhang Lin)